Designing The American Flag

The history of how Old Glory earned her Stars and Stripes

The First Resolution Regarding The Country’s Flag: June 14, 1777

The Second Congressional Congress Passes the Flag Resolution which stated…

The First National Design Debt

Francis Hopkinson, one of the signers of  The Declaration of Independence, is recognized as the designer of the official “first flag” of the United States. His first letter requesting compensation from Congress was sent May 25, 1780. He asked for a quarter cask of wine which he never received for his contribution of designing the first US flag and “The Great Seal”.

So every year on his birthday, the workers at Christ Church take a bottle of wine to his grave-site and share it to remember his contribution. 

American Mythology Betsy Ross

Popular designs at the time varied and most were individually crafted rather than mass-produced. One particular design, credited to Betsy Ross, gained widespread popularity. The Legend that Betsy Ross designed or sewed the first American flag completely lacks historical evidence or documentation.

Commemorating Tradition 

January 1, 1952 The US Postal Service releases a commemorative stamp to celebrate the 200 birthday of Betsy Ross.

Old Glory Levels Up

15 Stars 15 Stripes Flag 1795

In 1795, the number of stars and stripes was increased from 13 to 15 to reflect the entry of Vermont and Kentucky as States of The Union.

20 Stars 13 Stripes Flag 1818

In 1818, a bill was passed by Congress in which the design of the flag was changed to have 20 stars but the number of stripes would be reduced to 13 to honor The Original 13 Colonies.

The Birth of a Flag The Growth of a Nation

In the 1818 plan, a new star would be added when each new state was admitted into The Union. The 48-star version became official on July 4, 1959.
<div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Delaware</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">1</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">December 7, 1787</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Pennsylvania</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">2</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">December 12, 1787</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">New Jersey</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">3</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">December 18, 1787</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Georgia</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">4</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">January 2, 1788</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Connecticut</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">5</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">January 9, 1788</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Massachusetts</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">6</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">February 6, 1788</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Maryland</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">7</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">April 28, 1788</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">South Carolina</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">8</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">May 23, 1788</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">New Hampshire</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">9</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">June 21, 1788</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Virginia</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">10</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">DJune 25, 1788</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">New York</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">11</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">July 26, 1788</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">North Carolina</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">12</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">November 21, 1789</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Rhode Island</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">13</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">May 29, 1790</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Vermont</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">14</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">March 4, 1791</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Kentucky</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">15</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">June 1, 1792</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Tennessee</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">16</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">June 1, 1796</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Ohio</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">17</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">March 1, 1803</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Louisiana</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">18</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">April 30, 1812</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Indiana</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">19</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">December 11, 1816</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Mississippi</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">20</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">December 10, 1817</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Illinois</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">21</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">December 3, 1818</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Alabama</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">22</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">December 14, 1819</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Maine</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">23</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">March 15, 1820</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Missouri</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">24</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">August 10, 1821</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Arkansas</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">25</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">June 15, 1836</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Michigan</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">26</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">January 26, 1837</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Florida</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">27</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">March 3, 1845</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Texas</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">28</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">December 29, 1845</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Iowa</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">29</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">December 28, 1846</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Wisconsin</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">30</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">May 29, 1848</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">California</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">31</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">September 9, 1850</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Minnesota</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">32</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">May 11, 1858</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Oregon</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">33</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">February 14, 1859</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Kansas</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">34</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">January 29, 1861</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">West Virginia</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">35</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">June 20, 1863</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Nevada</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">36</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">October 31, 1864</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Nebraska</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">37</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">March 1, 1867</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Colorado</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">38</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">August 1, 1876</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">North Dakota</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">39</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">November 2, 1889</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">South Dakota</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">40</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">November 2, 1889</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --> <div class="statename">Montana</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">41</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">November 8, 1889</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Washington</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">42</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">November 11, 1889</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Idaho</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">43</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">July 3, 1890</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Wyoming</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">44</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">July 10, 1890</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Utah</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">45</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">January 4, 1896</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Oklahoma</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">46</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">November 16, 1907</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">New Mexico</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">47</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">January 6, 1912</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Arizona</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">48</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">February 14, 1912</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Alaska</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">49</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">January 3, 1959</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="states"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="statename">Hawaii</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="star">50</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="year">August 21, 1959</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] -->

The  Flag Today

The 50-star flag was ordered by President Eisenhower on August 21,1959, and became the longest running flag on July 4, 2007.